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Many Indians consider 1947 to be the separation year. It’s when the largely Hindu southeast Asian country gained independence from England and when Muslims began to move northwest and east to build nations in what is now Pakistan and Bangladesh.

That year also marked the emergence of Indian modern art, led by the Bombay Progressive Artists’ Group and its contemporaries who made requisite visits to Europe and experimented with such genres as post-Impressionism, Cubism and Expressionism.