Building of the Day: 100 Rugby Road

Editor’s note: An updated version of this post can be viewed here.

Brooklyn, one building at a time.

Name: George Watson House
Address: 100 Rugby Road
Cross Streets: Church Avenue and Albemarle Road
Neighborhood: Prospect Park South
Year Built: 1900
Architectural Style: Swiss chalet inspired “cottage”
Architect: John J. Petit
Other Buildings by Architect: Otto Seidenberger House, Stuyvesant Avenue, 131 Buckingham Rd, 1510 Albemarle, and many, many more.
Landmarked: Yes, part of Prospect Park South HD (1979)

The story: As mentioned in today’s Walkabout, John J. Petit took his inspiration from many sources, and looked to other cultures for his inspiration for his Prospect Park South houses. Here he was inspired by the writings of Andrew Jackson Downing, the preeminent architectural writer of the mid-19th century. Downing wrote in his Architecture of Country Houses, that “the genuine Swiss cottage may be considered the most picturesque of all dwellings built of wood.” He went on to say that the ideal place for such a house would be as in Switzerland, on the side of a mountain or hill, and that anywhere else, the chalet would look ridiculous and affected. Downing would go on to note that if an architect wanted to use the chalet in a non-chalet environment, that the elements should be restrained, and toned down to fit the environment that the building would be situated in. Wise words that Petit took to heart.

Like his “Japanese House”, and other exotic Petit houses, this Swiss chalet is really a Victorian lady in a costume, this time a Swiss dirndl. The house itself is a basic large foursquare style home, with Swiss ornament. For good measure, there’s even a bit of Tudor Revival tossed in, reminiscent of Petit’s Siatta House, in Dyker Heights, and later neo-Tudors that he would build here in PPS. The house was originally a dark color, with white highlights, as can be seen in an historic photo from 1902. Swiss inspired details abound; the jigsaw cut screens, the large brackets supporting the porch, the roof and the hooded roofs over the second story bays, and the ornate vernacular carved panels on the third floor. The bands of small arches also add to the Swiss charm. The house’s deep overhanging roof with the large brackets on front and on the sides are very attractive, as are the two bays with casement windows and the third floor diamond patterned windows. Petit channeled Switzerland without looking affected or ridiculous. Downing would have been proud.

The house was bought by Dr. George H. Watson, a retired physician from Boston. Watson bought up all the land between this house and Albemarle Road, but he eventually sold the other two lots. He is mentioned in several articles in the Brooklyn Eagle, and he and his wife were guests at the home of Dean Alvord, the developer of Prospect Park South, who lived just down the street on Albemarle Road. GMAP

Photo: The American Architect, 1902, as per LPC designation report for PPS

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