Building of the Day: 31 Belvidere Street

Address: 31 Belvidere Street, between Beaver St. and Broadway
Name: Office of the Ulmer Brewery complex
Neighborhood: Bushwick
Year Built: 1885
Architectural Style: Romanesque Revival/Rundbogenstil
Architect: Theobald Engelhardt
Landmarked: Yes. Landmarked with rest of Ulmer Brewery complex in 2010.

To anyone who follows landmarking in Brooklyn, this building is a familiar, and much admired structure, part of one of the few remaining brewery complexes in Bushwick, once the capital of Brooklyn’s brewing industry. While an amazing piece of architecture in of itself, it must be looked at as part of the whole.

The rest of the Ulmer Brewery complex stands on Belvidere, from the corner of Beaver Street to the office at mid-bock. Behind the brewery on Locust Street stands the stable and storage building. William Ulmer was one of Brooklyn’s most successful brewers, and this complex was the culmination of a career begun in the 1850’s, emigrating from Germany as a young man, to work in an uncle’s brewery.

By the 1870’s, German-style lager beer was “America’s beverage”, and Brooklyn’s many breweries were producing it as fast as they could. By the 1880’s there were over 40 breweries in Brooklyn, and before Prohibition destroyed the brewing industry in 1920, there were still at least 24 left.

Bushwick Brooklyn -- 31 Belvidere St History

William Ulmer enlisted the services of neighborhood architect Theobald Engelhardt to design his brewery. Englehardt was a very prominent architect, himself the son of German immigrants, and the architect of record for scores of industrial buildings in Williamsburg, Bushwick, and other industrial areas of Brooklyn.

He also built many fine homes, including a mansion for William Ulmer, on Bushwick Ave. For the Ulmer complex, he designed a factory in the Rundbogenstil manner, a German-inspired Romanesque architectural style, featuring rounded arches, decorative brickwork, and round arched openings.

The office itself is the masterpiece of the complex. Any good industrialist of the time wanted his brand to be identified with its headquarters, and this is a very good headquarters, characterized by the central projecting bay and tower, the dormers, symmetrical arched windows, and fine terra-cotta trim, including the signage for the office and the company crest.

Bushwick Brooklyn -- 31 Belvidere St History

Next door, the elaborate iron fence is original to the building, and one of the best parts of the whole structure. When Prohibition destroyed the Ulmer family business, the factory was sold for use as light manufacturing, but the family held on to the office, running their real estate business from that location.

As the fortunes of Bushwick declined, the buildings endured, almost intact. By the 1980’s, the office belonged to Jay Swift, a stone sculptor and marble worker. Previous to his purchase, the building had been used as storage by a lamp manufacturer, next door.

He, in turn lived in the space for several years, and now rents it out, and it’s now the home of a successful restauranteur. The interior, which can be rented for photo and movie shoots, is a wonderfully sparse time capsule, featuring the best of the past. Thank goodness this one survived, and is now forever protected.

Bushwick Brooklyn -- 31 Belvidere St History

Bushwick Brooklyn -- 31 Belvidere St History

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[Photos by Suzanne Spellen]

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