We contacted Preservation Program Analyst Daniel McEneny at the National Register of Historic Places to clear up lingering questions about the effort to designate the Gowanus Canal area a historic district. What he revealed: The National and State registers are more or less interchangeable. An owner of a listed property is free to demolish or alter his or her property. And, most surprising of all, an “eligible” property, which the Gowanus area has already been for eight years, is almost as good as listed. Read on for more details.
Brownstoner: What are the criteria for designation and why might an area such as Gowanus be eligible? Daniel McEneny: To be eligible for State and National Register listing, a property or district must represent a significant theme in local, state or national history and be intact enough to illustrate that theme. Significant themes might include architecture, industry, commerce, invention, engineering, planning, science, economics, social history, or any number of other subjects. Integrity means that the property or district retains aspects of location, setting, design, materials, workmanship, feeling and association that relate to the identified theme.
The Gowanus Canal Historic District is significant as a cohesive collection of industrial and manufacturing facilities and associated resources located adjacent to the Gowanus Canal that together represent the development of water-borne transportation and industrial development in a South Brooklyn neighborhood between the mid-nineteenth century and the mid-1960s. Factories and industrial operations in the Gowanus district were directly associated with the canal as a primary source of materials, power and supplies; the majority of the single and multiple family residences in the neighborhood were constructed so that the workers could live close to their places of employment. The character-defining features of this district are those that illustrate its industrial past. A full copy of the draft nomination is available on the New York State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) website: www.nysparks.com
BS: Is designation as a Historic Place the same thing as landmarking?(more…)
We thought you might like to see some photos we took at the Wallabout tour a couple weeks ago, a joint effort of The Wooden House Project and the Brooklyn Historical Society. The area has one of the largest concentrations of pre-Civil War-era wood frame houses in New York City. The neighborhood developed as a place to live for boat builders, captains, and other workers associated with the shipping industry.
The house above at 73 Vanderbilt Avenue was built in 1851 and 1852 in a mix of the Greek Revival and Italianate styles. The clapboard and the detail around the front door are original, but the Greek Revival moldings around the front entrance come from an interior doorway, and the ears around the windows and six-over-six windows were added in a 1970s restoration.
Community Board Six’s Landmarks Committee will consider the second extension of the Park Slope Historic District Thursday. The LPC has already calendared the extension, known as Park Slope Historic District Extension II, which is about half the size of the recent South Slope extension and includes about 287 buildings. The original Park Slope Historic District was landmarked in 1973 and then extended again in April 2012.
The proposed district would extend landmarking further west toward 5th Avenue and as far south as Union Street (above, 6th Avenue between Union Street and Berkeley Place.) The area comprises a wide variety of architectural styles, including Queen Anne buildings by Montrose Morris and C.P.H. Gilbert. The Land Use and Landmarks Committee meeting will take place at the Cobble Hill Community Meeting Room, 250 Baltic Street between Court and Clinton Streets. For more information and a map of the proposed extension, go here.
The Brooklyn Heights Cinema building at 70 Henry Street is going through the final stages of approvals on designs for its renovation project, and the architects revealed two potential renderings and floor plans at last night’s Community Board 2 meeting. Gerner Kronick and Valcarcel‘s revised designs involved completely rebuilding (but not demolishing) the current one-story building and adding three stories of residential apartments on top of it. The theater will remain on the ground floor with an entrance on the corner of Henry and Orange Streets, but it will get a new sign that looks like a film strip. Also, it will be soundproofed so that residents above and next door won’t be bothered by noise from the movies. The apartments will have their own entrance on Orange Street, as well as an internal courtyard on the northwest end of the property.
Architect Randy Gerner presented two different-colored renderings for the new building: either it can be white, like the current one, or a brick-red color that closely matches the original color of the bricks before they were painted with concrete and white paint. The CB didn’t vote on the color and instead passed the decision onto the LPC, which has final approval over the building’s design. The architects would not let us photograph the renderings; a previous rendering showed a five-story modern, red-brick building. An alt 1 permit was filed and disapproved last year.
Scaffolding is going up at the Townhouses of Cobble Hill project on Hicks and Congress. This is the Landmarks approved project at 110-126 Congress Street that will involve restoring some existing buildings and putting up new ones with a traditional exterior. The insides, though, are thoroughly modern. They should be ready late this year; marketing started in May.
On this blog, we are always debating the effects of landmarking: Will the Landmarks Preservation Commission compel owners in landmarked districts to restore their houses to their original appearance? Will owners have to pay more for repairs? Does landmarking cause property prices to rise? Does it cause gentrification? The answers to the first three questions are: No, yes, and a qualified yes, according to a story in the Times today. (It didn’t address the gentrification question.) The story follows the renovation of Park Slope row house, whose owner was compelled to correct improper alterations made by the previous owner because he embarked on a major renovation that required permits. His architect estimated that Landmarks-approved wooden replacement windows cost about 30 percent more than “conventional” ones. Expensive custom ironwork was also required to restore items the previous owner had removed without permission since the area was landmarked. Nonetheless, he and another homeowner and architects who deal frequently with the LPC spoke approvingly of the process. “It can make a project better,” said Morris Adjmi of Morris Adjmi Architects. The story also found that house prices in landmarked districts “rose slightly more” than elsewhere in the city between 1975 and 2002, although cause and effect is unclear. “The nicer homes tend to be in historic districts,” said an executive with Douglas Elliman. What’s your take? High-Mileage Alterations [NY Times]
Council Member Jumaane Williams and others want to expand the Ditmas Park historic district to include an additional 1,150 houses, The New York Daily News reported. The area just south of Prospect Park is known for its sprawling, standalone late 19th and early 20th century houses — definitely an unusual sight in a borough made up mostly of row houses. Neighborhood groups and the Flatbush Development Corp. submitted an application to Landmarks in March. The proposed addition to the 1978 landmarking would include Beverly Square West, Beverly Square East, Caton Park, Ditmas Park West, West Midwood and South Midwood. Those in favor said they want to preserve the historic character of the neighborhood. Predictably, the Daily News found a few residents who said they were concerned that landmarking will push up housing prices out of reach of the middle class or that homeowners will not be able to afford to maintain the houses in accordance with Landmarks rules. What’s your take? Brooklyn Leaders Push to Landmark 1,150 Ditmas Park Houses [NY Daily News] Photo by RalphSelitzer
Warm weather means house tour season is starting soon! Not every neighborhood association has published its 2013 tour dates yet, which run through October, but here are some of the upcoming ones that have been set:
Just what Fedders monstrosity might be going into the empty lot at 27 Cranberry Street? A reader asked us to look into plans for the site, which was the focus of a recent New York Times story about preparing for neighbors’ renovations. Thankfully, the answer seems to be an attractive, single family house of four stories, above, whose design appears to fit in very well with neighboring historic buildings. The cornice and bay window will be zinc, and the entrance surround, doors and windows will be mahogany. The plans were approved by Landmarks last year, and the architect is Martin Santini. The owner, an LLC, appears to be Brooklyn developer Louis V. Greco Jr. Do you think infill that plays well with surrounding buildings is a major benefit of landmarking?
Here’s a juicy building proposal for the Clinton Hill Historic District, at 228 Washington Avenue: According to Community Board Two, an applicant will present to the land use committee a proposal to “demolish the circa-1950 garage and construct a new one-story contemporary style residential building connecting to the existing rear yard addition.” The building at 228 Washington Avenue is a corner brownstone that was on the market back in 2008. (According to public records, the building sold in 2010 for $750,000.) The building’s two-car garage, pictured above, faces Willoughby Avenue. The notice makes this seem more like a proposal for a separate residential building than an extension to the existing brownstone. Could be a cute house! If you’d like to see the architects present the rendering, they are scheduled to attend the land use committee meeting on Wednesday, April 17, at 5 Metrotech Center, Room LC400. GMAP
The Sunset Park Landmarks Committee will hold a walking tour of the neighborhood next Saturday, April 13. Urban historian and former Sunset Park resident Joe Svehlak will lead the tour, which will start at the landmarked courthouse on 43rd Street and 4th Avenue. The walk will focus on history, architecture, ethnic diversity, development, and the area’s potential to become a New York City landmark district (it is already listed on the National Registry of Historic Places). The group is seeking New York City landmark status in part to stop historically inappropriate alterations, of which it has several examples pictured on its website. The two-and-a-half hour tour will end in the area’s Chinatown. To reserve a spot, go here. Photo of 40th Street by Sunset Park Landmarks Committee