Pink tulips

As the nights get cooler and the leaves start to turn, you might be thinking that gardening season is over, but au contraire, mon frère! Fall may be the best time of the year to garden, as you can do almost anything: move trees and shrubs, divide perennials, install bulbs, and be almost assured of success. Even if the hurricane season won’t deliver much rain, the shorter days and lower temperature make watering and weeding a cinch, compared to what needs to be done in the spring. (more…)

The dream

The dream

There is something deeply satisfying about a lush, emerald green lawn. It’s soft underfoot, evokes childhood memories of running in forbidden park expanses, or rolling down hills hoping no bees will sting you.

I can’t ignore the strength of the emotional appeal, when so much of my work is tied to how people feel about their surroundings.

But! Having a lawn in the city requires an amount of commitment equal to parking your car in the street: a weekly mental calendar of choreographed moves, timed precisely; the fortitude to deal with the inevitable dents and fines; and the willingness to pay for and fix every mistake and bit of forgetfulness. And just like a car that sleeps in the street, you will have to accept a certain level of imperfection, or you can drive yourself crazy. (more…)


The block of Macon Street between Ralph and Howard avenues has won the Greenest Block in Brooklyn award. Competition for this honor is fierce every year, with hundreds of block associations all over Brooklyn participating.

The block of Bainbridge Street between Malcolm X Boulevard and Stuyvesant Avenue in Bed Stuy and the block of East 25th Street between Clarendon Road and Avenue D in Flatbush tied for second place.

Lincoln Road between Bedford and Rogers Avenues in Prospect Lefferts Gardens and Sterling Place between Flatbush and 7th Avenues in Park Slope tied for third place. For more information on the contest, check out the website of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden.

On Macon Street, we noticed a huge variety of plants and unusual plant combinations. Click through to the jump to see a few more snaps of Macon Street. (more…)

tree care

If you want to help make Greenpoint and Williamsburg a little greener, you can plant and take care of trees with the Human Impacts Institute every Tuesday through the beginning of September. Volunteers clean up, aerate and mulch tree beds, as well as plant bulbs in tree bed soil. For the month of August, green thumbs can meet up at P.S. 31, located at 75 Meserole Avenue (at the corner of Lorimer Street) every Tuesday morning from 10 am to noon. The one exception will be next Tuesday, when “Tree Care Tuesday” will take place in the evening from 5 pm to 7 pm. Check out the institute’s calendar for more details. Participants should RSVP by emailing or calling (917) 727 9761.

Photo via Human Impacts Institute

Brownstoner July Column pictures

Whether you just bought a house that was sitting empty for months (or years) or have concentrated on the inside, giving the outside (maybe) a little bit of love once a year, there will come a time when you step out, look at your yard and get somewhat consterned. Bald spots, weed lots, crazy vines, muddy puddles may seem like plant problems, but they are often caused by poor hardscape choices that make maintenance a difficult and lengthy, sometimes impossible, chore.

The first step is to assess recurring issues: Does it leak into your basement every time it rains heavily? Do the plants in that one corner look sickly and die, year after year? Do you never use the steps of a path but rather cut across a planted area, tracking mud in the house? Does weeding take entire weekends that merge into Sisyphean labor? These are all design problems.


About a year ago, we had modest plans to complete our already pretty well established garden with a few shrubs, but one thing led to another and we ended up replanting most of it. We had been looking for peonies and maybe some hydrangeas to fill in a few holes but could never find what we wanted in the quantities we needed. (more…)

Inviting summer backyard

When people call me for help in their backyard, they often ask if they have enough sun to grow a lawn, tomatoes or a plum tree, and where would be the best placement for a grill, patio or ping pong table.  Each person has his or her own list, often borne out of a desire to re-create a particularly fond memory of a garden or a lovely smell, taste or feeling. I must disagree with Tolstoy, who famously wrote that “Happy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.”  It is exactly the reverse in Brooklyn backyards.  Happiness is linked to unique, personal memories; unhappiness is all about the mosquitoes.

If you feel the mosquitoes have gotten worse, faster and more clever, you are right.  The old native house mosquitoes (dark, slow, loud) have been supplanted by zebra mosquitoes (also called tiger, Asian or forest mosquitoes.)  These newcomers are stealthier and much harder to control.  The city still calls on everyone not to leave standing water, and while that is excellent advice for swamp mosquitoes, it doesn’t really slow down zebra mosquito reproduction, as the females lay eggs in any damp environment, such as as shady, moist underbrush, not just in standing water.

Another notable difference is that female zebra mosquitoes don’t try to make one blood meal before laying eggs; instead, they make multiple small snacks.  So you may have six bites from one mosquito; worse, that mosquito might have taken blood from a bird, your dog, your neighbor’s cat and then you in short order, which explains why they are excellent vectors for contagious diseases for humans and animals.  Finally, zebra mosquitoes are active during the day.  They detect mammals through their breath and scent.

I am not telling you all this to ruin your 4th of July plans, but because knowing your enemy, you can attempt to defeat it.

1. Controlling standing water is not nearly enough.  You also must clear any permanent damp spot; any area that will remain moist for three days or more can support mosquito breeding.
2. I am of two minds about the CO2 traps.  (more…)

hoop house

If you’re involved with a community garden or happen to have a sizable backyard, you might want to learn how to build a hoophouse, a simple, low-cost type of greenhouse. Citizens Committee for New York City is hosting a hands-on workshop next weekend in East New York that will lead participants through the basics of building one.

Hoophouses can be made of wood, metal or plastic and will help extend the growing season of plants by protecting them year round. The workshop takes place Saturday, June 28, from 10:30 am to 3:30 pm at an as-yet-undisclosed location in East New York. To RSVP and find out more, head over to Citizens Committee and download the flyer.

Photo via Little House on the Urban Prairie

So pretty, but this weed should come with its own scary music intro.

So pretty, but this weed should come with its own scary music intro.

First, let me preface that “weeds” is a bit of a rude word. What differentiates a common weed from a native plant? Only the eye of the beholder. In my garden, I let the asclepias (aka the humble milkweed) grow, because it is the only food source of the Monarch butterfly larva, and I love butterflies. I reserve the moniker of weed for invasive species that don’t play well with others, or are hard to eradicate. But feel free to let the weeds grow if you love them. Apart from the asclepias, I have a soft spot for the common mallow’s pink flowers and the wild violets. All this to say, this is a completely unscientific approach. This weed business is all about how subjectively pretty, how invasive, and how difficult they are to remove.

From best to worst:
- Milkweed, wild campion, clover, wild violets: As I mentioned in my preface, milkweed is the sole food source of the Monarch butterfly larva, so if you want a great butterfly garden, to your butterfly bush, coneflowers or brown-eyed Susans, you must add a few asclepias. Wild campions are a great reminder you need to mow your lawn, and clover is very good at fixing nitrogen into the soil, while lawns are great at consuming it. Sometimes, it’s better to let partnerships happen, rather than fight nature tooth and nail. Wild violets spread if left unchecked, so it’s not a bad idea to remove most of them past blooming season, unless you want a full carpet the following year. (more…)


Arts in the Gardens will put on music, poetry, dance, film and performances at four community gardens in Bed Stuy and Gowanus this summer. The gardens were created or upgraded with funds from the New York Restoration Project, which is one of the partners in the series, along with the Brooklyn Academy of Music and the Bronx Museum of Science, said a story in The New York Times.

Architectural Digest has before and after photos of eight of the New York Restoration Project gardens, including four in Bed Stuy, Carroll Gardens, Bushwick and East New York. Pictured above is the Cooper Street Community Garden in Bushwick, which was spruced up about a year or two ago with new hardscaping, benches and plantings.

There will be a day of jazz and blues in the Jane Bailey Memorial Garden at 327-329 Greene Avenue in Bed Stuy on June 14. On July 7, the same garden will host a hip hop dance event. For the complete calendar of events, check out NYRP’s website.

Winter has finally packed its bags, and it’s a perfect time to plant all manner of trees, perennials and annuals. It is also a great time to weed and reseed your lawn, before the weather gets so warm Bermuda grass takes over. Warmer days and frequent rains give everything a good start.

In preparation for the trip to the nursery, I figured this was the perfect time to talk about four beginner’s mistakes most people make when starting a garden.

1. The one of a kind syndrome.
Do you remember your high school class photo? Each of you with your own style, height, color, clothes, looking awkward? This is what happens when you plant one of each; every lovely plant looking awkward and lonely, with that slightly out-of-place, desperate look of a school photo. Everyone does better with a few friends, so try to find some strength in numbers. Say you plan on buying 24 plants total: Better to buy in threes, fours or sixes than 24 different plants.

2. Pushing plants out of their comfort zone.
Even plants that are adaptable do better when they are planted in the right spot (anyone who tried growing a lawn in the shade knows this). This means that in the long run, they will be stronger, look better and handle benign neglect with fortitude. If you go to a local nursery, they will sell plants that are adapted to the Brooklyn climate, and can inform you as to their needs for sun, shade and the kind of soil and drainage they require. If you order online, make sure to check that they are adapted to our zone (7b), and place them where they will be happy. (more…)


Please welcome The Dirt, a new gardening column by Brownstoner commenter and Brooklyn garden designer Marie-Helene Attwood of Edible Petals. The monthly column will explore gardening in Brooklyn by season as well as other topics relevant to Brooklyn such as design in narrow city plots and gardening in the shade. Each month, she will answer any questions about Brooklyn gardening over the following weekend. 

The first task after this long and cold winter is a simple assessment and clean-up. Are any pots broken? Trees or shrubs or branches bent or dead? If you are like me, you left the seed pods of your echinacea and hyssop and your grasses long for winter interest. Now is the time to cut all of these plants short, to make room for the new growth to come.

It’s also a good time to cut your roses and raspberry canes, and in general remove all dead stalks. If you see any early weeds, remove them now before they grow and spread.

The next step is to feed the soil. You can add some compost and/or worm castings near the root of your plants, and specific fertilizer for your acid-loving shrubs. Rhododendrons and azaleas do best with regular feedings, to replicate their native humus-rich forests. If you have a kitchen garden, adding some blood- and bonemeal now to the soil will help you grow tasty fruits and vegetables this summer.

Now that temperatures are finally rising, you will be able to start sowing greens: Kale, beets, radishes, arugula, mesclun mix, dill and Swiss chard. On the flower side: echinacea, hyssop, sweet peas, cosmos, coreopsis and zinnias. All are very easy to grow from seeds sown directly in the ground — no need to start seedlings indoors first. I am also partial to the large seed packets that are premixed by soil type and sun exposure, to start a flower meadow with a theme.

Don’t worry if it is still cold at night. In fact, all the seeds I mentioned do very well if sown with the last rain of the winter, when overnight temperatures are still in the 30s.

The photo above shows part of my garden at the end of April last year. Click through to the jump to see the first crocus of this year.

Feel free to post questions in the comments, if you have a plant I have not mentioned here, or have any other gardening question. I will do my best to answer everyone over the weekend.  (more…)